Glossary:Glossary-Plus

Aus Wufiwiki
Wechseln zu:Navigation, Suche

Glossary: WUFI-Plus

g-Value

The g-value is a value for the pass of energy through a transparent component. It is composed of direct solar radiation and heat emission by secondary absorptance to the inner space.


The radiation power through the component can be separated as following:

transmitted part direct transmittance
reflected part direct reflectance
absorbed part direct absorptance [1]

Where

[1]


For the calculation of the g-value the direct transmittance and the direct absorption are needed. From the only the inward flowing fraction of the energy, the secondary absorptance is relevant.


Direct transmittance

[1]

Where

spectral distribution of solar radiation
spectral transmittance of the glazing
range of wavelength

Inward flowing fraction of energy :

single glazing fenestration

[1]

Where

23 W/(m2K)

8 W/(m2K) – for borosilicate- und soda-lime-glass

solar absorptance

( and are mean values with arranged conditions)


g-values are dimensionless and between 0 and 1


[1] DIN EN 410:1998 Glas im Bauwesen, Bestimmung der lichttechnischen und strahlungsphysikalischen Kenngrößen von Verglasungen


Solar Heat Gain Coefficient

  • The Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) measures how well a window blocks heat from sunlight. The SHGC is the fraction of the heat from the sun that enters through a window, both directly transmitted, and absorbed and subsequently released inward.
  • The SHGC replaced the shading coefficient an the standard indicator of a window‘s shading ability
  • SHGC is expressed as a number between 0 and 1.
  • SHGC can be expressed in terms of the glass alone or can refer to the entire window assembly.
  • The lower a window's SHGC, the less solar heat it transmits.
  • For incident radiation that is diffuse, the hemispherical SHGC must be used.

[[1]] [[2]] ASHRAE Handbook 2005 Fundamentals


Solar heat gain coefficient is the ration of solar heat gain entering the space through the fenestration product to the incident solar radiation. Solar heat gain includes directly transmitted solar heat and that portion of the absorbed solar radiation which is the reradiated, conducted or convected into the space. [1]


The different solar heat gain coefficients:

SHGCf - all frame and sash members

SHGCd - divider area

SHGCe – Edge-of-glazing area

SHGCde – Edge-of-divider area

SHGCc – Center-of-glazing area

SHGCt – Total fenestration product


[2]


Where

Fehler beim Parsen (MathML mit SVG- oder PNG-Rückgriff (empfohlen für moderne Browser und Barrierefreiheitswerkzeuge): Ungültige Antwort („Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.“) von Server „https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/“:): {\displaystyle \tau_s} = solar transmittance

= inward-flowing fraction of absorbed radiation

Fehler beim Parsen (MathML mit SVG- oder PNG-Rückgriff (empfohlen für moderne Browser und Barrierefreiheitswerkzeuge): Ungültige Antwort („Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.“) von Server „https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/“:): {\displaystyle \alpha_s} = solar absorptance


The total product SHGC

[1]

Where

Fehler beim Parsen (MathML mit SVG- oder PNG-Rückgriff (empfohlen für moderne Browser und Barrierefreiheitswerkzeuge): Ungültige Antwort („Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.“) von Server „https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/“:): {\displaystyle A} relative area m2 (edge-of-areas are 63.5 mm)

projected fenestration product area

SHGC are calculated separately

for frame and divider the SHGC is 0.3 or 0.5 by default

SHGC are dimensionless and between 0 and 1


[1] National Fenestration Rating Council Incorporated, NFRC 200-2004, Procedure for Determining Fenestration Product Solar Heat Gain Coefficient and Visible Transmittance at Normal Incidence

[2] National Fenestration Rating Council Incorporated, NFRC 201-2001, Interim Standard Test Method for Measuring the Solar Heat Gain Coefficient of Fenestration Systems Using Calorimetry Hot Box Method